SAMR Model to Help You Make Informed EdTech Practices in Your Remote Teaching

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As more and more teachers and educators resort to the services of the web to help with the delivery of their teaching, the question of how we can best use technology to serve our pedagogical practices become even more persistent. In this regard, SAMR model as conceptualized by Dr Ruben Puentedura (2006)  is a good analytic framework you should definitely consider.

As we have stated elsewhere, 'SAMR (Substitution, Augmentation, Modification, and Redefinition) is a four-level conceptual framework developed by to help teachers make effective use of technology in their instruction. It provides ‘a framework to support educators and instructional designers in creating optimal learning experiences using mobile devices in education’(Roomers et al. 2014. p. 79). SAMR can also be used to encourage ‘teachers to ‘move up’ from lower to higher levels of teaching with technology, which according to Puentedura, leads to higher (i.e., enhanced) levels of teaching and learning.’ (Hamilton et al., 2016. p. 434). To help teachers better understand the SMAR concept we designed this illustrative visual based a number of interesting resources (see list at the bottom of this post)'.

The visual below is available for free download from this link (no commercial use).

A Handy Infographic Explaining SAMR Model for Teachers

Hamilton, R., Rosenberg, M. & Akcaoglu, M. (2016).The Substitution augmentation modification redefinition(SAMR) model: A critical review and suggestions for its Use. Tech Trends, 60:433-441, DOI 10.1007/s11528-016-0091-y
Puentedura, R. (2006). Transformation, technology, and education [Blog post]. Retrieved from
Romrell, D., Kidder, L. C., & Wood, E. (2014). The SAMR Model as a Framework for Evaluating mLearning. Journal Of Asynchronous Learning Networks, 18(2), 79-93.
Davis, E. (2014). SAMR Made Easy with Google Apps. Google Apps Action. Retrieved from

An earlier version of this post appeared here