Here is another good visual I learned about from Mindshift which outlines different levels of engagement. As I have already argued elsewhere here in this blog, getting today’s students deeply engaged (the first level of engagement below) in the learning process taking place in class is not an easy task. Unless students see a direct relevance between what they are going to learn and how that information will help them in their actual life, it becomes hard to maintain their attention.
Proponents of the socio-cultural linguistics emphasize the importance of “context” in learning. Materials that are contextualized and speak to the immediate context of learners are more likely to get students engaged and hence increase their rate of retention and comprehensibility. Another great way to get students is through game based learning, and that’s a different story I covered in best game-based learning platforms for teachers.