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13 Digital Citizenship Terms Teachers Need to Know

The boundaries between the virtual and real world are almost diminishing as more and more technology is being integrated into our lives. A quick glance at our students' lifestyles is enough to provide you with a clear picture of how digitally focused they are . As teachers entrusted with helping these digital natives flourish and thrive in friendly and healthy learning environments, we are also responsible for teaching them the norms of appropriate, responsible behavior with regard to technology use.We need to teach them the ethics of digital citizenry.

I have already shared here a simple and useful guide to all that teachers need to know about digital citizenship. This post has become among the most popular articles in Educational Technology and Mobile Learning. However, today I am revisiting the topic of digital citizenship but this time adding new important things I have learned from the wonderful book " The Digital Diet: Today's Digital Tools in Small Bytes (The 21st Century Fluency Series) " . In particular , I will be proving you with a set of important terms you need to know as a teacher using technology with his/her students. But before that let me refresh your mind about what digital citizenship is all about  .

What is Digital Citizenship ?
It is the combination of technical and social skills that enable a person to be successful and safe in the information age. Just like literacy and numeracy initiatives which provide people with the skills to ' participate in the work force, digital literacy has become an essential skill to be a confident, connected, and actively involved life long learner.'

Digital Citizenship Terminology

Flaming :
Is when a person publicly attacks or “outs” a person. This can often be a series of posts or comments using discussion boards and forums or chat rooms and instant messaging.

Discussion boards : 
These are a web space where users can post or write comments. These can be restricted only to members of the space of open to the public. Many discussion boards or forums are moderated.

This  is the process of providing comments or posts by a moderator. Once approved other users can see the comments or posts.

Posts :
 These are comments, statements, articles, or presentations published by a users. The term post covers blog entries, short messages using tools such as Twitter, email messages to discussion boards or forums , or updates on a social networking site.\

It is unsolicited or unrequested email often sent by fictitious companies. Spam is a huge issue creating vast email traffic and causing great annoyance.

This is the illegal copying and/ or distribution of copyrighted materials. This can include music, images, movies, television programs, written works, and other intellectual property.

Predator is a person using the internet and online social mediums to groom, stalk, and male contact with a goal of sexual exploitation

Grooming Is a technique used by predators to select and prepare a person for meeting the predator. This technique involves building a degree of trust between the victim and the predator.

This is the process of attacking and bullying a person using electronic mediums such as emails, instant messaging, discussion boards, cell phones, and so on.

Phishing  is a technique used to gain personal and private information. Usually phishing occurs when you receive an email from an apparently legitimate source asking you to provide information that is collected ( such as bank account or credit card details) is used by the email or web site authors.

 Malware is a term used to describe malicious software. This can include viruses, Trojans, adware, spyware, and so on.

Open Source Software ( OSS): 
OSS is software often produced by a community of developers, that is freely available for use and often for distribution. OSS can be modified, as the source code is open to view and change.

Profile is the personal information that is entered in social networking and other sites

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