Vocabulary is a crucial component of the linguistic competence. It is also intricately related to other literacy skills including reading, writing, and speaking. A learner with a poor repertoire of vocabulary is likely to have problems with writing , reading comprehension, and speaking fluency. You don't need to be a rocket scientist to decipher this reciprocal relationship of cause and effect between these literacy skills. Often times,learners of a second or foreign language are the ones that are most likely to undergo what linguists named " the vocabulary crisis".
There are two major categories of vocabulary: active and passive. The active vocabulary is the ensemble of terms learners use in their linguistic output ( in writing or speaking ). Conversely, the passive vocabulary are words which are internalized and stored in the learners linguistic repertoire without being used in any context whatsoever. Passive vocabulary is prone to oblivion and forgetfulness and that is why, even as adults, we have those "aha moments" when we come across a word that we have already explicated somewhere else but because it has not been used we forget its meaning. Active vocabulary is what fuels our linguistic performance and enriches our language experience.
However, the purpose of this post is not vocabulary itself but rather the effective strategies teachers can implement to enhance their vocabulary instruction. Below is a great graphic that sheds more light on these strategies, have a look and share with us what you think of it. Enjoy
courtesy of Eyeoneducation