BYOD is the catch phrase in the 2012 educational technology spheres. This acronym stands for " Bring Your Own Device ", I am pretty sure you might have heard of this new trend because wherever you turn you hear people talking about embracing it. I actually have been reading a lot about it to the point that I deem it important that I share with you some of what I understood from BYOD .
Bring Your Own Device or BYOT ( Bring Your Own Technology ) has started in the business world with corporations encouraging their employees to bring their own technology devices such as laptops to use in the work place. This was a strategy to cut down on technology costs and spendings because of the financial crisis the world has witnessed in the recent couple of years. The strategy worked quite well and without even knowing it, it moved to education and so many school districts are embracing it.
BYOD in education refers to students bringing their own technology devices ( smartphones, tablets, and laptops. ) to school for educational uses. This was initially started by college students, but it soon spread to K-12 education. Schools that used to depend on government funds to provide technology that students would need for the school day , are now turning that responsibility to the parents by asking them to purchase the technology devices needed for schools, which, fortunately enough, most students actually own. This would cut down on schools' huge yearly technology expenditure. But the pertinent question here is : does this BYOD work ? Does it improve students learning ?
Advantages of BYOD in education
I know there are many disadvantages to BYOD but let us be optimistic and look at the filled side of the cup. BYOD has several pluses in education such as :
1- Education is intertwined with finance and this is clearly visible in case of financial crisis when districts start cutting down bugets. Students suffer because they are deprived of certain things they have taken for granted in their learning. Let me give you an example , here in Nova Scotia ( Canada ) the provincial government has made several cuts in the budget it spends on education. These cuts have a direct impact on the quality of education students receive.Imagine with me students with permanent disabilities who used to be assisted by PSAs ( Personal Students Assistants ) will now find themselves alone struggling to learn on their own because many of these PSAs will be laid off.Teachers can not do anything about it because students with special needs need a lot of attention and care which teachers alone could not afford especially in a large classroom with 26 students . The same applies to technology expemditure at schools ; it will also be affected but with the use of BYOD strategy a lot of education dollars will be saved to be spent on other resources. So students bring their own devices, schools pay for the expenditure of the textbooks, apps, and other online programs.
2- Having technology everywhere in the classroom and not only in the computer lab is an amazing experience for both teachers and students. Learning can be largely enhanced by these technology devices students use. We will have a multi-modal learning style or what is technically called Blended Learning where students can learn using : etextbooks, videos, educational apps, online research, and many other digital learning tools ( photography, word processing, desktop publishing ...ect).
3- The 21st century education requires a set of digital skills that traditional instruction alone could not provide. BYOD can help students aquire these skills and elicit more engagement and motivation essential for the increase of the learning outcomes.
4- Another advantage is that students will be able to use the same computing device in home and in school. This means that they will have access to all the digital resources that they were accessing in school at home as well.
Reasons why should schools embrace BYOD
Here are some reasons why schools should seriously start embracing BYOD :
- Todays students are digital natives. They are born with technology and grew up using it in their everyday life. They learn and live with technology and ofcourse they bring it to school so why not leverage its power ?
- The print and technology-based learning resources the schools own are not enough to cover all students technological needs, making the shift to BYOD can save money, extend access, and improve engagement.
- Students facing school bans and inhibitions find themsevs forced to sneak their devices into school. A BYOD environment , on the other hand, could promote a healthy and appropriate technology use.
- BYOD can help in bridging the digital gap between low income students and higher income ones. Schools can purchase enough access devices for low income students since others already can afford theirs. This will generate a flip from 3 or 4 students per computer to one or two devices per students over time
- Expanded access yields expanded digital options and when every student has a full digital access , it provides the platform for improved access to effective materials , online resources and effective teachers.
Myths about BYOD debunked
There are several misconceptions and false myths about BYOD, Lisa Nielson ( author of Teaching Gneration Text: Cell Phones to Enhance Learning ) has written a great article debunking all these myths and providing more resources on the importance of BYOD in education. Check out her article to learn more.
Here is a list of links to important resources on BYOD. Check them out to learn more.
1- Cybrary Man Links
2- Seven Questions for Bringing your Own Device to School
3- Web 2.0 tools for BYOD Programs
4- BYOD Food for Thought
Here is the above article embedded in Slideshare